What is Wrought Fittings?

A wrought Fittings product is a form of steel made from forged, rolled, ring-rolled, extruded or welded components, while forging refers to one of these forms.

What are uses of Wrought Fittings?

For the construction of buildings, the wrought iron plate girder evolved as a basic device. There were many decorative uses for wrought iron in historical times, including fences, gates, railings, balconies, porches, canopies, roof crestings, lamps, grilles, hardware, nails, cramps, and structural members in tension (I, H, etc.).

What is Forged Fittings?

Forged Fittings is a material produced by alloying iron and carbon under extreme pressure. The surface porosity of forged steel is lower, its grain structure is finer, it has a greater tensile and fatigue strength, and its ductility is significantly higher than steel that has been processed by other means.

What are uses of Forged Fittings? 

It is common for forged fitting components to be used in automotive and truck applications, for manufacturing valves, fittings, hand tools and hardware, as well as in manufacturing industrial, heavy construction and mining equipment. The components are made of steel, and these components include the powertrain, axle beams, shafts, wheel spindles and kingpins.

What are the types of forged Fittings?

In order to keep things simple, we divide steel forging into three categories based on the temperature at which it is forged.

Hot forged steel

As the temperature reaches 950°C, the forging process is carried out between 950°C and 1250°C, which is over the temperature of recrystallization. Steel that has been hot forged has good formability and requires a low level of force to shape, which is why it is so popular.

Hardened steel forging

As a general rule, the forging temperature is between 750°C and 950°C. There are limitations in the ductility of this material as well as higher forming forces required than forging at a hot temperature. Besides its great advantages, it can also be considered a middle ground between hot and cold forging, which makes it more versatile than either one alone.

Cold forged steel

This process is carried out under ‘room conditions,’ that is, under temperatures as high as 150 degrees Celsius. The forging process is characterized by the low formability of the material, which demands high forces during the forming process. As a result, it is of great advantage for the conservation of material and for the smoothness of the surface that is achieved with this method.

Here are some comparisons between wrought steel products and forged steel products:

  • It is important to keep in mind that the major difference between wrought steel and forged steel is their strength. There is no doubt that forged steel is much more durable than wrought steel, since forged steel becomes a casting that is then forged, which adds to its durability even further. Steels forged from wrought iron are less likely to be used in high-tension applications due to their hardness and more brittle characteristics than steels made from forged iron.
  • Forged steel is a subset of wrought steel and refers to the product forms (forged, rolled, ring rolled, extruded…).
  • There is a significant difference between wrought steel and forged steel when it comes to strength. As forged steels take the form of a casting which is then forged into a part that is strong to ensure its durability and strength, they are more durable than wrought steels. The use of wrought steel is less likely in high-tension applications. It may also be harder and more brittle than forged steel, making it less suitable for high-tension applications.
  • There are some applications where forged steel is more durable due to the fact that, although it begins as a casting, it is hammer forged which forces the atoms and molecules of the steel into alignment as they hit the steel with large hydraulic hammers which are used to force them into alignment. The forged steel does not undergo the same process as wrought steel, which makes the forged steel harder and less likely to suffer from cracks when struck than the wrought steel, whenever this difference is made between the two steels. In many cases, striking tools and axes are made from forged steel because they are used to hit things with, and the brittle nature of cast steel would lead to them breaking very quickly if they were not forged. This takes place due to the fact that they are used to hit things with.
  • A wrought metal is made by either hot or cold working the metal, and thus you find many different types of wrought metal products under the term wrought metal, including forgings, rollings, headings, upsettings, drawings, etc.
  • An open-die (meaning hammer and anvil forging and closed-die forging of metal heated to forging temperatures) forging process is a method of forming metal.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of wrought and forged fittings?

Among the various types of fittings used in piping systems, wrought fittings and forged fittings are two of the most commonly used. The following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of each of these options:

Fittings made of wrought iron:

These advantages include:

  • Fittings made of wrought iron are less expensive than those made of forged iron, which makes them a more economical option for certain applications.
  • In addition to being more readily available, they can also be made in a wide range of sizes and shapes, which is very useful when working with piping configurations that are not standard.
  • As a result, they are easier to fabricate and install than forged fittings.

Its disadvantages include:

  • Fittings made of wrought iron are less durable than those made of forged iron and are more prone to cracking under heavy loads or high pressure than fittings made of forged iron.
  • It should also be noted that these fittings have a lower resistance to corrosion than forged fittings, which makes them less suitable for use in harsh or corrosive environments.
  • Consequently, they are not suitable for use in applications where high temperatures and pressure are present.

Fittings that are forged:

These advantages include:

  • In comparison to wrought fittings, forged fittings are much stronger and more durable, making them suitable for use in applications that require high pressures and high temperatures.
  • There is a higher resistance to corrosion and erosion, which makes them suitable for use in harsh environments due to their high corrosion and erosion resistance.
  • As a result, they can withstand greater levels of stress and are less likely to crack or break under heavy loads, so they are safer for use.

Its disadvantages include:

  • There are a number of reasons why forged fittings are less economical for certain applications, including the fact that they are more expensive than wrought fittings.
  • As a result, they are not as readily available in a large range of sizes and shapes as wrought fittings are.
  • Compared to wrought fittings, they are more difficult to fabricate and install.