What is a forged fitting?

Pipe fittings made from forged carbon steel are known as forged steel fittings. The forging process is used to create very strong fittings. Carbon steel is heated to molten temperatures and inserted into dies. Forged steel fittings are then machined using the heated steel.

A wide variety of equipment is connected with forged fittings, including pumps, valves, pipes, and many others. There are two main types of these fittings, threaded fittings and socket weld fittings, which are used to connect pipes with fittings by screwing them together. In addition to being available in a variety of materials and grades, these forged fittings are widely available.

The use of forged fittings is to link pipes, pumps, valves, etc. to construct piping systems that are smaller than 2 or 4 inches in diameter.

Forged fittings are generally of two types: socket-weld fittings which are welded to pipes and threaded fittings which are screwed onto pipes.

Asme B16.11, MSS SP 75, MSS SP 83, MSS SP 95 specification covers forged fittings, both socket weld and threaded, for use with ASME B36.10 and ASME B36.19 carbon, alloy, stainless steel and nickel alloy pipes.

As per the applicable specifications, solid steel blocks are fabricated and shaped to obtain the final shape required

Fitting classes indicate the maximum pressure that the device is capable of handling.

Fittings from Class 3000 are used for pipes in schedule 80/XS, Class 6000 for pipes in schedule 160, and Class 9000 fittings for pipes with larger wall thicknesses.

In Forged Fittings joints, two Forged Fittings are bolted together with a gasket between them to create a seal.

What are the different grades of forged fittings?

Different Grades of Forged Fittings:

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel can be used for forged fittings in a variety of ways. It has different standards, including ASTM, ASME A, and SA 182. There are many grades of stainless steel that are suitable for forging, including 304, 304L, 3034H, 309S, 309H, 309H, 316, 316H, 316L, 316LN, 310S, 310H, 317,317L, 321, 321H, 347, 347, and 904L. Also, these grades are making forged fittings perfect to use in all complex and general applications of various industrial sectors.

Duplex and Super Duplex Steel

A variety of grades of duplex steel and super duplex steel are available in standards such as ASTM and ASME A. Duplex steel and super duplex steel have different grades, such as F51, F53, F55, F44, F45, F60, and F61.

Nickel alloy

Various ASTM, ASME SB 564, 160, and 472 standards are available for nickel alloy forged fittings. There are many grades of nickel alloys, including UNS 2200 (Nickel 200), UNS 8825 (Inconel 825), UNS 4400 (Monel 400), UNS 6600 (Inconel 600), UNS 6625 (Inconel 625), UNS 6601 (Inconel 601), UNS 10276 (Hastelloy C 276), and UNS 2201 (Nickel 201). Forged fittings, all these grades can withstand a certain amount of load.

Copper alloy

Among the grades of copper alloy are UNS No C92200, UNS No 70600, 71500, C 70600 (Cu-Ni 90/10), UNS No C 83600, C 71500 (Cu-Ni 70/30), UNS No C 10100, C 10200, C 10800, C 10300, C 12000, and C 12200. The following grades of copper alloys are used for forged fittings, and all of them are available under ASTM, ASME SB 151, 152, 61, and 62.

Carbon Steel

As one of the most widely used materials for forged fittings, carbon steel is available in various standards such as ASTM 105, A694, A350 LF2, and A350 LF3. Carbon steel has numerous advantages various grades, such as F42, F46, F60, F65, F52, F56, and F70. Carbon steel grades are making forged fittings durable and sustainable for different industries.

Alloy Steel

Forged fittings are commonly made from carbon steel. This alloy is available in different standards, including ASTM 105, A694, A350 LF2, and A350 LF3.anufacturing as per the industrial requirements.


As one of the most widely used materials for forged fittings, carbon steel is available in various standards such as ASTM 105, A694, A350 LF2, and A350 LF3. Carbon steel has numerous advantages.des are widely available in the market and making forged fittings suitable to use in different industrial sectors.

The advantages and disadvantages of forged fittings

Forged fittings are a type of pipe fitting that is made by forging steel or other metals using extreme heat and pressure to shape the metal while it is still in a solid state, which is why they are one of the most popular types of pipe fitting. In this article, we will discuss some of the advantages and disadvantages of using forged fittings:

These advantages include:

  1. Exceptional strength and durability: Forged fittings are very strong and durable due to the forging process, which gives them the ability to withstand high pressure and temperatures.
  2. Forged fittings are less prone to corrosion than other types of fittings like cast fittings, since the forging process makes them more compact and uniform than other types of fittings like cast fittings.
  3. Forged fittings have smoother surfaces and better flow characteristics, making them ideal for use in high-flow applications due to their smooth surfaces and better flow characteristics.
  4. It is important to note that forged fittings are manufactured with tighter dimensional tolerances, which ensures a better fit and seal, reducing the risk of leaks due to the reduced tolerances.

Its disadvantages include:

  1. Due to the complexity of the manufacturing process involved, forged fittings tend to be more expensive than other types of fittings due to their higher cost.
  2. There may be a limited availability of forged fittings in all sizes and configurations, which can make it difficult to locate them, as they may not be readily available.
  3. As a result of the specialized manufacturing process, forged fittings may have a longer lead time than other types of fittings due to the specialized manufacturing process.
  4. Installation requires a higher level of skill due to the higher level of strength of forged fittings, which may result in an increase in labor costs due to the need for greater skill in the installation process.